The final scheduled negotiation was hoped to conclude a multi-year process to bring protection to marine biodiversity through a new, High Seas Treaty. Many States, including the 48 members of the High Ambition Coalition, have committed to the goal of concluding negotiations in 2022, and will now need to accelerate work in the coming months and extend the negotiations via an additional meeting this year, if they are to deliver on their pledges and the protection needed to bring the ocean back from the brink.
Peggy Kalas, Director of the HSA said “Many governments entered the negotiations with a renewed sense of urgency after a two-year pause due to COVID but we have not reached the Treaty goal yet. All efforts must be devoted in the coming months to secure this long-awaited treaty in 2022; a goal expressed by many governments that committed to the High Ambition Coalition.”
Will McCallum, Head of Oceans for Greenpeace UK said: “Our oceans are in crisis and getting this treaty right is critical. Governments are being judged on the ambitious pledges they have made, and right now they’re falling short: the pace of these discussions is glacial and the lack of agreement on a number of key issues shows that at the end of two weeks of negotiations we are simply not on track for the ultimate goal of protecting at least a third of our global oceans by 2030. Ministers and heads of state need to step up ahead of the next round of negotiations to ensure we land the strong treaty we need in 2022. Anything less is a failure.”
“As the BBNJ-negotiations draw to a close, environmental multilateralism is at a critical junction for our planet. Decision-makers now have a clear opportunity to make meaningful and bold progress in the intersessional towards curbing transboundary pollution and to protect our ocean, an important pillar in fending off the devastating impacts of climate change. We hope governments will rise to the occasion, ensure that the High Seas Treaty is accomplished in the second half of 2022 and not let our planet down.”, said Fabienne McLellan, Managing Director at OceanCare.
“El tiempo no se detiene y la urgencia de proteger nuestros tesoros de alta mar continúa. En Latinamérica, hemos visto el alto nivel de ambición de Estados como Costa Rica y Chile. Esperamos se unan otros más” Gladys Martínez, Executive Director of AIDA
(“Time does not stand still and the urgency to protect our offshore treasures continues. In Latin America we have seen ambition from States like Costa Rica and Chile, we hope others raise their ambition”)
While it’s disappointing that countries weren’t able to finalize the treaty at this meeting, we’re encouraged by the progress that was made. Moving forward it’ll be key to keep up this momentum and to have another negotiating session soon,” said Elizabeth Karan, Project Director, Protecting Ocean Life on the High Seas, The Pew Charitable Trusts.
The negotiations, which began in 2018 after a decade of discussions, can only be concluded through an additional meeting, not previously mandated by the UN General Assembly. The High Seas Alliance is adamant that this must be held in 2022, if States are to meet their own commitment to finalise a High Seas Treaty this year and achieve 30% protection of the ocean by 2030. Marine protected areas, including highly and fully protected areas in the High Seas are not possible without the new Treaty in place.
The enthusiasm to achieve a robust Treaty was evident among many of the negotiators with higher levels of engagement and flexibility than has been the case to date. Delegates worked with draft text and there appeared to be a strong commitment to conclude the process but it will take intersessional work and a much faster pace to reach the finish line in 2022.
Senior leaders from Ocean groups signed a joint letter to world governments calling for an expedited approach to achieve a robust Treaty by the end of 2022.
The ocean is failing fast under multiple onslaughts, and protecting its biodiversity is urgently needed to help protect the ocean and humanity from the worst impacts of climate change.
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©Shane Gross Greenpeace